Friday, May 25, 2012

Murphysboro Centuries, 12th secular

Frederick I, “Barbarossa” (Red Beard), 1152-1190
- the leaders were so worried after the anarchy that Conrad had left behind that they selected the strongest man in Germany to have some stability - well educated, Barbarossa felt he was continuing in the style of the great emperors of the past (Constantine, Justinian, Charlemagne)
- he began the practice of calling his “empire” the ‘Holy Roman Empire’ - because of past troubles with the pope, he got rid of all reformers in his lands, making sure that the bishops were his strong supporters
- he led many military campaigns into Italy to try and ensure his rights (to the land in northern Italy) - in 1186 he went on the 3rd Crusade, which he led until his death

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