Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Murphysboro Centuries, 13th secular


Philip II “Augustus”, 1180-1123
- he took the last of John’s possessions in northern France away from him - he supported towns and the middle class - started the ancestor of today’s taxes and formed a relatively “permanent” royal army - in 1208-1213, he “allowed” his northern nobles to “crusade” in the south against the Albigensians and Waldensians
- 7/27/1214, Philip won the Battle of Bouvines, which established France as one of the great powers of Europe

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